Vitamin D supplements do not improve bone health, concludes study

Vitamin D pills would only be useful for high risk groups

Vitamin D pills would only be useful for high risk groups Credit PA

It seems that this was the largest meta-analysis study that has ever been performed with data coming from 81 randomized controlled trials.

Vitamin D supplements have always been touted as a way to improve bone health and possibly ward off the bone-thinning disease osteoporosis in older adults.

"On the strength of existing evidence, we believe there is little justification for more trials of vitamin D supplements looking at musculoskeletal outcomes".

Cheese comes loaded with vitamin D and calcium that are required for strengthening bones and teeth.

The findings add to previous research suggesting that vitamin D supplements do not prevent disease for the majority.

The study authors said clinical guidelines that recommend vitamin D supplementation for bone health should be changed to reflect the best available evidence.

They did caveat that vitamin D supplementation was still appropriate for groups at high risk of rare conditions such as rickets and osteomalacia, which can result after prolonged lack of exposure to the sun.

They recommended that public health bodies stop promoting vitamin D supplements as having a meaningful impact on a person's health.

"What is important to keep in mind is that those with low vitamin D were not represented in this meta-analysis, and vitamin D supplementation - repletion, actually - is still necessary for those with low vitamin D levels, regardless of age", said Dr. Minisha Sood, an endocrinologist at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City.

Getting outside on even a cloudy day can boost your vitamin D levels and some foods also contain a small amount, including eggs, salmon and mackerel.

Vitamin D supplementation may not improve bone density or prevent fractures and falls in adults, a large new analysis suggests.

Moreover, new research covered studies that included women aged 65 and older who took vitamin D supplements on daily basis. Therefore, there is little justification for the use of vitamin D supplements to maintain or improve musculoskeletal health, and clinical guidelines should reflect these findings'. Furthermore, the study found no differences in the effects of higher versus lower doses of vitamin D.

The pros and cons of vitamin D supplements have always been debated, with some worrying about the consequences if people with deficiencies stopped taking them.

The study, published by Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology journal, is the first major review of the topic since 2014.

For more on vitamin D, visit the U.S. National Institutes of Health.

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