As of August 21, 2018, a total of 45 states have reported 231 cases of West Nile virus disease in people by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
In addition to West Nile virus, mosquitoes are also tested for Western Equine Encephalitis, and St. Louis encephalitis.
Common symptoms include fever, nausea, headache and muscle aches. Anyone who experiences any of these severe symptoms should seek medical help immediately.
To report suspected cases of human West Nile, call the DPH Office of Infectious Disease Epidemiology at 888-295-5156.
Even as we move into the fall months and fluctuating temperatures, it is crucial to protect against mosquito bites and possible West Nile virus infection.
Be sure to use insect repellent whenever going outdoors.
Dress in long sleeves and trousers when you are outside and spray thin clothing with repellent. Do not allow children to apply repellent themselves.
- Keep grass cut short and shrubbery trimmed around the house so adult mosquitoes will not hide there.
The CCHHS and DCMA are advising Nevadans to use insect repellants when outdoors containing DEET, wearing long sleeves, long trousers and socks, taking extra care during peak mosquito biting hours and mosquito proofing homes. "We strongly encourage people in affected communities to take simple steps to prevent mosquito bites, such as using insect repellent and covering bare skin, especially during dusk and dawn when biting mosquitoes are most active".
DRAIN - Mosquitoes lay their eggs on standing water. Use your air conditioning, if you have it.
And it's also a good idea to clean clogged gutters and check and fix screen doors.
The CCHHS environmental health specialists and DCMA staff routinely survey known breeding sources for mosquitoes and trap them for identification.