It was Sevilla who took the lead after just eight minutes as Lucas Muriel set up Pablo Sarabia, who sent a fine curling effort past Marc-Andre Ter Stegen.
However, Sevilla squandered a golden chance to send the match into extra-time when Wissam Ben Yedder missed a last-minute penalty.
Barca boss Ernesto Valverde also includes Clement Lenglet for his competitive debut against his former club, with the Frenchman lining up alongside Gerard Pique, who announced his retirement from global football this week.
The club's legal department is studying the matter and should FC Barcelona line up with more than three non-EU players, it would present possible ground for withdrawal due to an improper line-up.
Lionel Messi has been named in the Barcelona starting lineup for their Spanish Super Cup clash with Sevilla this evening - the first match since the Argentine was named the club's new captain.
Messi, who will don the captain's armband for the first time after the departure of Andrés Iniesta to Vissel Kobe during the summer, will also overtake the midfield maestro as the player with the most titles for Barcelona.
The Spanish Super Cup preceeds every La Liga opener and the match it is between La Liga champions against the Copa del Rey winners, but since Barcelona won the domestic double last season, Sevilla qualify as Copa del Rey runners-up.
The 21-year-old winger was signed in a surprise £36.5 million deal from Bordeaux this summer and was expected to make his official debut against Sevilla.
Club captain Lionel Messi and forward Luis Suarez already have European Union citizenship, while Brazilian Philippe Coutinho is thought to have obtained a Portuguese passport through his wife, Aine.