The system was also used in the Denmark versus Peru game by Gambian referee Papa Bakary Gassama, leading to Denmark's game-winning spot kick.
Gareth Southgate's side earned a deserved last-minute 2-1 win over Tunisia in their Group G opener on Monday after Harry's Kane's brace, with VAR again in the spotlight.
"Ricci's failure to do so was even more surprising given he'd awarded a penalty as the on-field referee in the Croatia-Nigeria match on Saturday night for the exact same offence".
They would then consult the on-field referee to tell him whether they deem an incident worthy of a review.
The video assistant referee team is located in a centralised video operation room in Moscow. Thirteen referees have been selected to act exclusively as VARs during the tournament, while some of the on-field referees will also perform the role.
Specifically, Caboclo asks for clarification regarding the VAR protocol and questions why the technology was not used, in what the CBF calls "certain key-episodes" of the game.
Players risk a booking if they attempt to influence any official to use VAR and managers or other non-playing staff risk being sent to the stand if they do the same, or encroach on the area where the referee is reviewing footage. The system was trialled in the FA and Carabao Cups last season, as well as the German and Italian leagues.
Argentina got their World Cup campaign off to a disappointing start as they were surprisingly held to a 1-1 draw against tournament newcomers Iceland in their opening match and there was a controversial penalty claim waved away without consulting VAR.
The use of the system at this tournament was rubber-stamped by the FIFA Council on March 16, a formality after the International Football Association Board approved its use at a meeting earlier in the month.
How has it gone so far?
Former England captain Alan Shearer feels Kane may get more joy if he makes his feelings known to the officials.
Strict warnings that grappling at set-pieces would be punished were also issued, though there has already been clear inconsistencies in this between games - with penalties awarded in some matches, and in others clear incidents going unpunished.