UN Predicts Falling Population, Rising Urbanization in Russia Through 2050

Statistics by experts show that by2040 Nigeria’s population growth would have quadruplewithout commensurate amenities and employment to sustain

Statistics by experts show that by2040 Nigeria’s population growth would have quadruplewithout commensurate amenities and employment to sustain

According to the UN's figures, which are based on the assessments of national statistics agencies, about 144 million people are now living in Russian Federation, with 74.4% (107.2 million) of them being the urban population.

Three countries - India, China and Nigeria - will account for 35 percent of the projected growth, with the former adding 416 million urban inhabitants and the latter 189 million.

As of 2018, there are 4.2 billion people living in urban areas worldwide, an vast increase from the 751 million in 1950.

Despite its lower rate of urbanisation, Asia contains 54% of all urban residents in the world, followed by Europe and Africa with 13% each.

Today, the most urbanized regions include Northern America (with 82 per cent of its population living in urban areas in 2018), Latin America and the Caribbean (81 per cent), Europe (74 per cent) and Oceania (68 per cent). The level of urbanization in Asia is now approximating 50%. This is especially true when it comes to low-income and lower-middle-income countries.

Economic contraction and natural disasters have also contributed to population losses in some cities. In related news, cities like Nagasaki and Busan have experienced a significant decline in their population since the start of the 21st century.

Two thirds of the world population will live in cities by 2050.

The report also projected that the world's population itself will peak in a few years and decline by 2050.

About 90% of the world's rural population live in Africa and Asia.

"It is interesting to note that around the same time India is expected to surpass China as the country with the world's total largest population", Wilmoth said. Cairo, Mumbai, Beijing and Dhaka all have close to 20 million inhabitants.

The study predicts New Delhi, India, now second on the most-populated list with 29 million people, will be the world's largest city by 2028.

This increased pressure is giving rise to so-called megacities - those with more than 10 million inhabitants. The Chinese city of Shanghai is third with 26 million, while São Paulo in Brazil and Mexico City, which each have around 22 million people living in them, are fourth.

Megacities are those with more than 10 million inhabitants and the reports says a lot of them would be in developing countries. DESA stresses that sustainable urbanisation is essential to successful development.

The report recommends governments adopt better integrated policies on infrastructure and social services to improve the lives of urban and rural dwellers.

The 2018 Revision of the World Urbanization Prospects is published by the Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA).

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