While many senators from both parties have come to agree that Congress should protect the Dreamers, there is no such consensus around what to do about their parents, who brought the Dreamers to the United States illegally as children.
President Donald Trump on Wednesday reiterated his desire for the Senate to pass his proposal on immigration - pressuring Republicans to reject anything else - as lawmakers are set to begin debating legislation.
Over the weekend, Trump tweeted that Democrats are politicizing the debate over "Dreamers" - undocumented immigrants shielded from deportation by the Obama-era Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program - as a "campaign issue".
"I'm not trying to dictate to them what they offer". The Secure and Succeed Act would give a path to citizenship for almost two million undocumented immigrants, fund border security and the border wall with $25 billion, limit family-based immigration and eliminate the diversity visa lottery. Last month, he suggested that he would sign whatever immigration bill landed on his desk. The bill will also grandfather in anyone in line to immigrate to the country through the program, Grassley said. Ending the green card lottery would reduce legal immigration by 450,000 people per year according to estimates.
The president says on Twitter that a merit-based system would allow the United States to "have the people ready, willing and able to help all of those companies moving into the U.S.!"
"I think that Mitch McConnell has been a champ to say we're gonna do the process, we're gonna let amendments be offered, and whatever gets 60 votes will be what passes", Sen. "I don't feel that way".
Democrats aim not to alienate an energized liberal base, which wants a quick resolution to DACA protections and opposes Trump's pledges to crack down on immigration.
Democrats prefer a narrower approach that deals with Dreamers and border security.
Receive stories like this everyday to your email. President Donald Trump has announced the discontinuation, starting March 5, of an amnesty given to almost eight lakh such people.
"It's not going to be as easy here in the House as it may be in the Senate", said Representative Doug Collins, a Georgia Republican. But as with the tax bill, if Trump were to get behind immigration reform legislation and work the GOP, the chances are a lot better for passage.
"Common sense dictates we can not simply treat one symptom of our broken immigration policy in complete isolation".
The proposal comes from roughly two dozen senators from both sides of the political aisle.
It is unclear whether any Democrats will support the legislation.
Trump weighed in as the Senate headed toward votes this week on a measure sponsored by Sen. "The one person who seems most intent on NOT getting a deal is President Trump", Schumer said in a floor speech on Wednesday.