Christiana Figueres, chair of the Lancet Countdown's high-level advisory board and former executive secretary of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, said, "The report lays bare the impact that climate change is having on our health today".
These are the conclusions of a joint report from The Lancet Countdown, an worldwide research collaboration that provides a global overview of the relationship between public health and climate change. Partners behind the research include the World Bank, World Health Organization (WHO), University College London and Tsinghua University.
"Climate change threatens to undermine the last 50 years of gains in public health, but we can turn it into a golden opportunity for better health and a fairer society".
It said the increased transmission of dengue fever by the Aedes agypti mosquito had risen by 9.4 per cent since 1950.
Despite the European Union being the world's leading region in terms of climate change and air quality legislation, 9 out of 10 European Union citizens are still exposed to levels of air pollution above World Health Organisation guidelines. Likewise, mainstreaming climate adaptation into cohesion policy will enable countries to prevent unnecessary deaths, including from heatwaves which are likely to become more frequent and severe. "It shows that the effects of climate change on human health are undeniable and potentially irreversible".
"As we move in the right direction, we hope for a step-change from governments to tackle the cause and impacts of climate change". The health and economic benefits on offer are huge.
"Between 2000-2016, there has been a 46 percent increase in the number of weather-related disasters, and 125 million adults aged over 65 were exposed to heat waves", the Lancet, an global medical journal, wrote.
An increasing number of countries and cities are developing preparedness plans to mitigate the impact of climate change. However, to remain on the pathway to reaching the Paris Agreement by 2050, this needs to increase by 2.5 times the current levels.