Calling it "the responsibility of all", Macron called on the worldwide community to "act in a concerted, firm and effective manner, as it has just done in the (U.N.) Security Council, to bring North Korea back to the path of dialogue".
The two leaders also reiterated a commitment to the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.
The prefectures sit in a line between North Korea and Guam.
"I think this was aimed primarily at China to let China know how serious we are about this; to get China to re-engage, not just to play games the way they've been doing since the meeting at Mar-a-Lago", he said on MSNBC's "Morning Joe".
The Chinese foreign ministry said Xi urged Trump to avoid "words and deeds" that would "exacerbate" the already-tense situation and to exercise restraint and seek a political settlement.
Trump and Secretary of Defense James Mattis have both used strong language pertaining to North Korea's threats.
Macron said France and other UN Security Council members want North Korea to "proceed with the complete, verifiable and irreversible dismantlement of its nuclear and ballistic programmes".
Trump has long vowed to pressure China to rein in North Korea, particularly its rapidly advancing nuclear and missile programs.
"What I would say here ladies and gentleman, my portfolio, my mission, my responsibility is to have military options should they be needed", he said.
The US is ready along with its allies to apply the full range of diplomatic, economic and military measures to stop the North Korean nuclear menace, President Donald Trump told his French counterpart Emmanuel Macron on Satruday.
Trump has stood by his bellicose rhetoric on North Korea, saying leader Kim Jong Un "will truly regret it and he will regret it fast" if he issues an overt threat or attacks Guam or a United States ally.
Asked Friday if the US was going to war, he said cryptically, "I think you know the answer to that".