The Pluto flyover begins at highlands near a nitrogen ice plain informally named Sputnik Planitia, passes a pock-marked landscape bordered by alien mountain ranges and ends over the Tartarus Dorsa's "bladed terrain". But after years of debate, the International Astronomical Union demoted Pluto to the rank of a dwarf planet in 2006, reducing the total number of planets in the solar system to eight.
First, New Horizons made an encounter with Jupiter on 2007. On July 10, NASA's airborne Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) will use its powerful 100-inch (2.5-meter) telescope to probe the space around MU69 for debris that might present a hazard to New Horizons as it flies by in 18 months. It then turns north over Dorothy Gale Crater and the dark polar region known as Mordor Macula and subsequently veers south, flying over the plain known as Oz Terra, and ending over the planar region known as Vulcan Planum and Clark Montes, an area of mountains that appear to be surrounded by moats. However, it is the largest dwarf planet and is mainly made of ice and rock. It was wrongly considered the ninth planet of the solar system.
Using data from the New Horizons spacecraft and digital elevation models of both the planet and its largest moon, Charon, scientists were able to develop these awesome flyover movies. It was the first Kuiper belt object to be discovered, and the light from the sun reaches Pluto in 5.5 hours. The agency published maps of both the planet and the moon. It collected more than 1,200 images of Pluto and tens of gigabits of data during its mission.
The flyby also found that all five of Pluto's moons are the same age, and thus were likely formed in the same impact incident between Pluto and other celestial object billions of years ago.
Combined, the pre-positioned mobile telescopes captured more than 100,000 images of the occultation star that can be used to assess the environment around this Kuiper Belt object (KBO).
The scientists are still analysing and uncovering data that New Horizons recorded and sent home after the encounter.