The surgery was performed by a team of doctors at Pune's Galaxy Care Hospital in southwest India.
But the question is: why do it? While the country has been slightly behind the world average in terms of organ transplants, it's emerging as an efficient and qualitative medical destination for western population.The most common organ transplanted in India is the kidney, followed by lungs, pancreas and heart.
The team of doctors involved in the Pune womb transplant travelled to Sweden and practiced on corpses in the USA and Germany. Women don't need a womb to survive. The condition of the recipient and donor is stable. Adoption is another great option, where you can give a child a loving home.
The woman, who suffers from congenital absence of uterus since birth, was fitted with her mother's womb so that she can conceive normally. Her 41-year-old mother was her donor. But will have to continue to take immuno-suppressant drugs for the rest of her life to prevent her body from rejecting the uterus.
A Swedish doctor who performed the world's first successful uterus transplant surgery, had said the Pune hospital had "no proper preparations at all" to conduct the complicated surgery.
The report also revealed that the minimally invasive retrieval of the womb carried out mainly through key hole surgery medically known as laparoscopic surgery, and its subsequent transplant performed only through open surgery took nine hours. Calling the Pune attempt "a risky escapade of surgical cowboys wanting to be the first in their country and to get publicity and fame", he warns that the donor and recipient are at very high risk of complications, such as bleeding, infection, and rejection of the transplanted womb. According to the doctors, they retrieved the donor's uterus by using minimally invasive (laparoscopic) surgery, which helped reduce the duration of the procedure by almost three hours from the normal 12 hours.
Saying that the donor, recipients and their families wanted the transplantation is not ethical.
Since womb transplantation is not lifesaving, the onus is on the surgeons to ensure the benefits to the women's mental health outweigh the physical risks.